Working with All Futures is intentionally very similar to working with Active Record, and most of the same methods will work. You will create a class and define the scopes, validations, callbacks and instance methods you need.

All Futures models persist to Redis instead of your relational database. Place All Futures classes in app/models, alongside your Active Record models.

Hello World

For this example, we'll use StimulusReflex to send updates to the server when the user enters data into either of two text input elements.

The most visible difference between an Active Record model and an All Futures model is that instead of migrations and a schema, you need to declare your attributes in the class:

class Example < AllFutures::Base
  attribute :name, :string
  attribute :age, :integer, default: 21

Let's use our new Example model to respond to a page request.

First, create an instance and assign it to an instance variable in the controller action:

class ExampleController < ApplicationController
  def index
    @example = Example.create

Emit the instance id as a data attribute on every element which can update your model.

Name: <input type="text" data-id="<%= %>" data-reflex="input->Example#name" /><br/>
Age: <input type="text" data-id="<%= %>" data-reflex="input->Example#age" />

Since all attributes are gathered and sent to the server during a Reflex operation, it's easy to retrieve the instance id from the Reflex element accessor and use it to find the correct All Futures object and make changes to it.

The following methods both find a record and update it, using StimulusReflex:

class ExampleReflex < ApplicationReflex
  def name
    example = Example.find( = element.value

  def age
    Example.find( age: element.value

You can now update your instance across multiple calls or requests, regardless of whether the user refreshes or navigates away from the page. So long as you have the id of the instance you need, you can access it until your Redis cache expiry policy purges it at some point in the distant future.

All Futures v1 persisted the attributes every time you set the value of an attribute using bracket notation. This behavior has been removed. An explicit save operation is now required to persist changes.

Creating model instances

There are two ways to create an All Futures class instance: new and create. Both methods accept an optional Hash of attributes: # no values set, and not yet persisted name: "Steve" # not yet persisted
example = name: "Steve" # now it's persisted
puts # you'll need the id to access this instance later

Example.create # no values set; persisted but no way to access the id
example_id = Example.create(name: "Bob").id # winning

create is exactly like new, except that the model instance is persisted to Redis before it returns. If you want to set your own id when calling create, it's important to specify an id value.

Example.create name: "Bob", id: 555

Finding model instances

Retrieving an instance later just requires passing an id to the find method. Numeric values will be converted to String type for performing the lookup.

example = Example.find(example_id)

In All Futures, id is not an attribute. It's not treated as data.

Reserved words

An incomplete list of attribute/method names that you shouldn't use as attributes:

  • id

  • created_at

  • updated_at

If you are experiencing strange behaviour with an attribute, consider using the respond_to? method the see if there is a naming conflict.


I18n in All Futures is similar to Active Record.

The root node in your locale YAML is allfutures instead of activerecord.

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